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What is the difference between ViewState,Application and Session of a Page?

Posted By :abhays     Posted Date :June 14, 2014    Points :40   Category :ASP.Net 
View State:

- View state is maintained in page level only.
- View state of one page is not visible in another page.
- View state information stored in client only.
- View state persist the values of particular page in the client (browser) when post back operation done.
- View state used to persist page-instance-specific data. (Read more)

Session State:

- Session state is maintained in session level.
- Session state value is available in all pages within a user session.
- Session state information stored in server.
- Session state persist the data of particular user in the server. This data available till user close the browser or session time completes.
- Session state used to persist the user-specific data on the server side. (Read more)

Application State

ApplicationState is a variable you can store values in during the life off the application (may get cycled periodically, and without your knowledge) (used less-frequently)


Usage

- If you want to access the information on different web pages, you can use SessionState
- If you want to access from the same page, then you can use Viewstate
-Application State it's global, for all users

Security

Session state provides more security when compared with view state as the data value is stored in server side

You can also find related Interview Question to What is the difference between ViewState,Application and Session of a Page?  below: 

What is the difference between Application caching and session objects?

  
Session A session is the time for which a particular user interacts with a web application. During a session the unique identity of the user is maintained internally. A session ends if there is a session timeout or user ends sessionby logging out.Sessions may change from user to user.

Cache Caching can be used to temporarily store page output or application data either on the client or on the server, which can then be re-used to satisfy subsequent requests and thus avoid the overhead of re-creating the same information.Caching is particularly suitable when you expect to Cache will be applicable to the entire application through out it's life cycle return the same information in the same format for many different requests.

Application Its nothing but similar to Session with a bit difference that is Session objects have scope within a particular session while application objects having scope within entire application. Application are accessible only from code running within the context of the originating application. Other applications running on the system cannot access or modify the values.
(More...)

What is the difference between ViewState and SessionState?

  
ViewState persist the values of controls of particular page in the client when post back operation done. When user requests another page previous page data no longer available.

SessionState persist the data of particular user in the server. This data available till user close the browser or session time completes. (More...)

Differences between application and session.

  
The session object maintains state on a per client basis whereas the application object is on a per application basis and is consistent across all client requests. (More...)

what is different between session and application

  
session is a object that store information between http request for a paticular user.
->But application object are global for each user (More...)

What Is The Difference Between ViewState and SessionState?

  
View State persist the values of controls of particular page in the client (browser) when post back operation done. When user requests another page previous page data no longer available.
SessionState persist the data of particular user in the server. This data available till user close the browser or session time completes. (More...)

When during the page processing cycle is ViewState available?

  
After the Init() and before the Page_Load(), or OnLoad() for a control. (More...)

What is the difference between Session.Abandon() and Session.Clear()?

  
The major practical difference is that if you call Session.Abandon(), Session_End will be fired (for InProc mode), and in the next request, Session_Start will be fired. Session.Clear( ) just clears the session data without killing it.

Ragards
Santosh
http://santoshdotnetarena.blogspot.com/ (More...)

Which typically consumes more memory: application state or session state?

  
Session state tends to use much more memory than application state, because copies of all variables are stored for each user. (More...)

Which might not work if a user has disabled cookies in his or her Web browser: application state or session state?

  
Session state, by default, won't work if a Web browser that supports cookies has cookies disabled. Application state isn't user-specific, though, and doesn't need to be tracked in cookies. Therefore, application state works regardless of cookies. (More...)

Which typically consumes more memory: application state or session state?

  
Session state tends to use much more memory than application state, because copies of all variables are stored for each user. (More...)

Which might not work if a user has disabled cookies in his or her Web browser: application state or session state?

  
Session state, by default, won't work if a Web browser that supports cookies has cookies disabled. Application state isn't user-specific, though, and doesn't need to be tracked in cookies. Therefore, application state works regardless of cookies (More...)

Does ViewState is responsible for maintaining data across the Page Post Back for Postback controls (like textbox, dropdownlist) and non-postbackcontrols(like label)?

  
It is false. For NonPostback controls it is true but for postback controls, ASP.NET retrieves their values one by one from the HTTP request and copies them to the control values while creating the HTTP response. (More...)

What is the difference between Session.Clear() and Session.RemoveAll() method?

  
Well, actually there is no difference. Session.RemoveAll() methods internally makes a call to Clear() method only.

Thanks. (More...)

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