.NET Tutorials, Forums, Interview Questions And Answers
Welcome :Guest
 
Sign In
Register
 
Win Surprise Gifts!!!
Congratulations!!!


Top 5 Contributors of the Month
david stephan

Home >> Interview Question >> ASP.Net >> Post New Question Subscribe to Interview Questions

what is application state in asp.net

Posted By :volvo     Posted Date :December 21, 2013    Points :40   Category :ASP.Net 
ASP.NET allows you to save values using application state, a global storage mechanism that is accessible from all pages in the Web application. Application state is stored in the Application key/value dictionary. Once you add your application-specific information to application state, the server manages it, and it is never exposed to the client. Application state is a great place to store information that is not user-specific. By storing it in the application state, all pages can access data from a single location in memory, rather than keeping separate copies of the data. Data stored in the Application object is not permanent and is lost any time the application is restarted.
ASP.NET provides three events that enable you to initialize Application variables (free resources when the application shuts down) and respond to Application errors:

a.Application_Start: Raised when the application starts. This is the perfect place to initialize Application variables.

b.Application_End: Raised when an application shuts down. Use this to free application resources and perform logging.

c.Application_Error: Raised when an unhandled error occurs. Use this to perform error logging.

Example :
// This sets the value of the Application Variable

Application["Name"] = txtName.Text;

Response.Redirect("WebForm5.aspx");

// This is how we retrieve the value of the Application Variable

if( Application["Name"] != null )


You can also find related Interview Question to what is application state in asp.net  below: 

Which typically consumes more memory: application state or session state?

  
Session state tends to use much more memory than application state, because copies of all variables are stored for each user. (More...)

Which might not work if a user has disabled cookies in his or her Web browser: application state or session state?

  
Session state, by default, won't work if a Web browser that supports cookies has cookies disabled. Application state isn't user-specific, though, and doesn't need to be tracked in cookies. Therefore, application state works regardless of cookies. (More...)

Which typically consumes more memory: application state or session state?

  
Session state tends to use much more memory than application state, because copies of all variables are stored for each user. (More...)

Which might not work if a user has disabled cookies in his or her Web browser: application state or session state?

  
Session state, by default, won't work if a Web browser that supports cookies has cookies disabled. Application state isn't user-specific, though, and doesn't need to be tracked in cookies. Therefore, application state works regardless of cookies (More...)

What is Application State?

  
Application State is one of the Server Side State management Mechanism which stores application memory on the server rather than persisting data in the client side memory.

(More...)

What is the Limitation for Application State?

  
1)Application Object Stores State of a User In Website Itself.
2)Which Leads to Burden To The Web Application and reduces the performance
3)The Scope of Web Application holds Until Website restarts? (More...)

What is Application Domain?

  
The primary purpose of the AppDomain is to isolate an application from other applications. Win32 processes provide isolation by having distinct memory address spaces. This is effective, but it is expensive and doesn't scale well. The .NET runtime enforces AppDomain isolation by keeping control over the use of memory - all memory in the AppDomain is managed by the .NET runtime, so the runtime can ensure that AppDomains do not access each other's memory.
Objects in different application domains communicate either by transporting copies of objects across application domain boundaries, or by using a proxy to exchange messages.
MarshalByRefObject is the base class for objects that communicate across application domain boundaries by exchanging messages using a proxy. Objects that do not inherit from MarshalByRefObject are implicitly marshal by value. When a remote application references a marshal by value object, a copy of the object is passed across application domain boundaries. (More...)

I have written an assembly that I want to use in more than one application. Where do I deploy it?

  
Assemblies that are to be used by multiple applications (for example, shared assemblies) are deployed to the global assembly cache. In the prerelease and Beta builds, use the /i option to the Alink SDK tool to install an assembly into the cache:
al /i:myDll.dll
A future version of the Windows Installer will be able to install assemblies into the global assembly cache. (More...)

What is an application domain?

  
An application domain (often AppDomain) is a virtual process that serves to isolate an application. All objects created within the same application scope (in other words, anywhere along the sequence of object activations beginning with the application entry point) are created within the same application domain. Multiple application domains can exist in a single operating system process, making them a lightweight means of application isolation.
An OS process provides isolation by having a distinct memory address space. While this is effective, it is also expensive, and does not scale to the numbers required for large web servers. The Common Language Runtime, on the other hand, enforces application isolation by managing the memory use of code running within the application domain. This ensures that it does not access memory outside the boundaries of the domain. It is important to note that only type-safe code can be managed in this way (the runtime cannot guarantee isolation when unsafe code is loaded in an application domain). (More...)

Describe the techniques for optimising your application?

  
. Avoid round-trips to server. Perform validation on client.
. Save viewstate only when necessary.
. Employ caching.
. Leave buffering on unless there is a dire need to disable it.
. Use connection pooling.
. Use stored procedures instead of in-line SQL or dynamic SQL. (More...)

Differences between application and session.

  
The session object maintains state on a per client basis whereas the application object is on a per application basis and is consistent across all client requests. (More...)

What is web application virtual directory?

  
A virtual directory appears to client browsers as though it were
contained in a Web server's root directory, even though it can physically Reside somewhere else. (More...)

Quick Links For Interview Questions Categories:
ASP.Net Windows Application   .NET Framework   C#   VB.Net   ADO.Net  
Sql Server   SharePoint   Silverlight   OOPs   JQuery   JavaScript/VBScript
Biztalk Patten/Practices .IIS WCF WPF WWF
Networking Aptitude Others   All      

Find questions, FAQ's and their answers related to .NET, C#, Vb.Net, Sql Server and many more.

 
Now you can find lots of .NET, C#, Vb.Net, SQL Server,Windows, ASP.Net related Questions and their Answers here at www.dotnetspark.com. Our aim is to help you pass your certification Exams (MCP, MCSD, MCAD etc.,) with flying scores and get good name in your company.

So, Start looking our Interview Question section daily and improve your .NET Skills. You can also help others by posting Interview Questions and their Answers in this section.


Hall of Fame    Twitter   Terms of Service    Privacy Policy    Contact Us    Archives   Tell A Friend