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In which assembly is the MVC framework defined?

Posted By :Sanjeeb Lenka     Posted Date :November 30, 2013    Points :40   Category :MVC 

You can also find related Interview Question to In which assembly is the MVC framework defined?  below: 

Which assembly is used to define the MVC framework and Why ?

The MVC framework is defined through System.Web.Mvc assembly.
This is because this is the only assembly which contains classes and interfaces that support the ASP.NET Model View Controller (MVC) framework for creating Web applications.

What is .NET Framework?

The .NET Framework has two main components: the common language runtime and the .NET Framework class library.
You can think of the runtime as an agent that manages code at execution time, providing core services such as memory management, thread management, and remoting, while also enforcing strict type safety and other forms of code accuracy that ensure security and robustness.
The class library, is a comprehensive, object-oriented collection of reusable types that you can use to develop applications ranging from traditional command-line or graphical user interface (GUI) applications to applications based on the latest innovations provided by ASP.NET, such as Web Forms and XML Web services. (More...)

What is Assembly?

Assemblies are the building blocks of .NET Framework applications; they form the fundamental unit of deployment, version control, reuse, activation scoping, and security permissions. An assembly is a collection of types and resources that are built to work together and form a logical unit of functionality. An assembly provides the common language runtime with the information it needs to be aware of type implementations. To the runtime, a type does not exist outside the context of an assembly.
Assemblies are a fundamental part of programming with the .NET Framework. An assembly performs the following functions:
It contains code that the common language runtime executes. Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code in a portable executable (PE) file will not be executed if it does not have an associated assembly manifest. Note that each assembly can have only one entry point (that is, DllMain, WinMain, or Main).
It forms a security boundary. An assembly is the unit at which permissions are requested and granted.
It forms a type boundary. Every type's identity includes the name of the assembly in which it resides. A type called MyType loaded in the scope of one assembly is not the same as a type called MyType loaded in the scope of another assembly.
It forms a reference scope boundary. The assembly's manifest contains assembly metadata that is used for resolving types and satisfying resource requests. It specifies the types and resources that are exposed outside the assembly. The manifest also enumerates other assemblies on which it depends.
It forms a version boundary. The assembly is the smallest versionable unit in the common language runtime; all types and resources in the same assembly are versioned as a unit. The assembly's manifest describes the version dependencies you specify for any dependent assemblies.
It forms a deployment unit. When an application starts, only the assemblies that the application initially calls must be present. Other assemblies, such as localization resources or assemblies containing utility classes, can be retrieved on demand. This allows applications to be kept simple and thin when first downloaded.
It is the unit at which side-by-side execution is supported.
Assemblies can be static or dynamic. Static assemblies can include .NET Framework types (interfaces and classes), as well as resources for the assembly (bitmaps, JPEG files, resource files, and so on). Static assemblies are stored on disk in PE files. You can also use the .NET Framework to create dynamic assemblies, which are run directly from memory and are not saved to disk before execution. You can save dynamic assemblies to disk after they have executed.
There are several ways to create assemblies. You can use development tools, such as Visual Studio .NET, that you have used in the past to create .dll or .exe files. You can use tools provided in the .NET Framework SDK to create assemblies with modules created in other development environments. You can also use common language runtime APIs, such as Reflection.Emit, to create dynamic assemblies. (More...)

What are the contents of assembly?

In general, a static assembly can consist of four elements:

The assembly manifest, which contains assembly metadata.
Type metadata.

Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code that implements the types.
A set of resources. (More...)

What is Assembly manifest? what all details the assembly manifest will contain?

Every assembly, whether static or dynamic, contains a collection of data that describes how the elements in the assembly relate to each other. The assembly manifest contains this assembly metadata. An assembly manifest contains all the metadata needed to specify the assembly's version requirements and security identity, and all metadata needed to define the scope of the assembly and resolve references to resources and classes. The assembly manifest can be stored in either a PE file (an .exe or .dll) with Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code or in a standalone PE file that contains only assembly manifest information.

It contains Assembly name, Version number, Culture, Strong name information, List of all files in the assembly, Type reference information, Information on referenced assemblies. (More...)

Difference between assembly manifest & metadata?

assembly manifest - An integral part of every assembly that renders the assembly self-describing. The assembly manifest contains the assembly's metadata. The manifest establishes the assembly identity, specifies the files that make up the assembly implementation, specifies the types and resources that make up the assembly, itemizes the compile-time dependencies on other assemblies, and specifies the set of permissions required for the assembly to run properly. This information is used at run time to resolve references, enforce version binding policy, and validate the integrity of loaded assemblies. The self-describing nature of assemblies also helps makes zero-impact install and XCOPY deployment feasible.

metadata - Information that describes every element managed by the common language runtime: an assembly, loadable file, type, method, and so on. This can include information required for debugging and garbage collection, as well as security attributes, marshaling data, extended class and member definitions, version binding, and other information required by the runtime. (More...)

What are the requirements to create a CLR based user-defined type?

CLR must be enabled for the instance and A class created with a CLR-compatible language. (More...)

What is the .NET Framework?

The .NET Framework is an environment for building, deploying, and running Web Services and other applications. It consists of three main parts: the Common Language Runtime, the Framework classes, and ASP.NET. (More...)

Does the .NET Framework only apply to people building Web sites?

The .NET Framework enables you to create great Web applications. However, it can also help you build the same applications you build today. If you write any Windows software (using ATL/COM, MFC, Microsoft® Visual Basic®, or even standard Microsoft® Win32®), .NET offers many advantages to the way you currently build applications. Of course, if you do develop Web sites, then the .NET Framework has a lot to interest you-starting with ASP.NET. (More...)

What programming languages will the .NET Framework support?

The .NET Framework is language neutral; virtually any language can target the .NET Framework. Currently, you can build .NET programs in a number of languages, including C++, Microsoft® Visual Basic.NET, _JScript®, and Microsoft's newest language-C#. A large number of third-party languages will also be available for building .NET Framework applications. These languages include COBOL, Eiffel, Perl, Python, Smalltalk, and others. (More...)

What is the relationship between the .NET Framework and COM+ Services?

The .NET Framework gives you full access to COM+ services, while also making it easier to build serviced components.
.NET Framework components can be added to a COM+ application. There they can take advantage of automatic component services such as transactions, object pooling, queued components, events, and so on. (More...)

What is the relationship between the .NET Framework and DCOM?

DCOM is the COM infrastructure for cross-process communication. The .NET Framework supports a number of pluggable channels and formatters for cross-process communication. When making transitions between managed and unmanaged code, the .NET Framework uses the COM infrastructure, specifically, DCOM. All scenarios using COM+ services use managed-to-unmanaged transitions, and thus use DCOM by default. The .NET Framework also supports SOAP, the Simple Object Access Protocol, for cross-process communication where interoperability is critical. (More...)

Is the .NET Framework just a new name for Windows DNA?

No. Windows DNA is architecture for building tightly-coupled, distributed Web applications. As the needs of distributed applications changed to require more loosely-coupled principles, Microsoft evolved the architecture to .NET. The .NET Framework is a part of the .NET architecture. (More...)

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