? It is a SELECT statement that is nested within another T-SQL statement.
? A subquery SELECT statement if executed independently of the T-SQL statement, in which it is nested, will return a resultset. Meaning a subquery SELECT statement can standalone and is not depended on the statement in which it is nested.
? A subquery SELECT statement can return any number of values, and can be found in, the column list of a SELECT statement, a FROM, GROUP BY, HAVING, and/or ORDER BY clauses of a T-SQL statement.
? A Subquery can also be used as a parameter to a function call. Basically a subquery can be used anywhere an expression can be used.