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What is Service Broker in sql server 2008?

Posted By :Dhivakaran     Posted Date :October 25, 2010    Points :10   Category :Sql Server 
Service Broker is a message-queuing technology in SQL Server that allows developers to integrate SQL Server fully into distributed applications. Service Broker is feature which provides facility to SQL Server to send an asynchronous, transactional message. it allows a database to send a message to another database without waiting for the response, so the application will continue to function if the remote database is temporarily unavailable.

You can also find related Interview Question to What is Service Broker in sql server 2008?  below: 

What is SQL Server Service broker?

Service Broker is a unique feature in Microsoft SQL Server 2005 which is used to by internal or external processes to send and receive guaranteed, asynchronous messages by using extensions to Transact-SQL Data Manipulation Language (DML).

It's a platform for building a new class of loosely coupled services for database applications. Service Broker not only brings asynchronous, queued messaging to database applications but significantly expands the state of the art for reliable messaging.

The key components of SQL Server Service broker are
.Queue stores the messages for a particular service.
.Dialog is a conversation between two services.
.Conversation group is a group of related conversations. Every conversation belongs to exactly one conversation group.
.Activation specifies a stored procedure that will handle messages destined for a particular service. (More...)

What are the essential components of SQL Server Service broker?

Service Broker uses queues to provide loose coupling between the message sender and the message receiver. The sender can put a message in a queue and then continue on with the application, relying on Service Broker to ensure that the message reaches its destination. Queues permit a lot of scheduling flexibility.

Dialogs are bidirectional streams of messages between two endpoints. All messages in a dialog are ordered, and dialog messages are always delivered in the order they are sent. The order is maintained across transactions, across input threads, across output threads, and across crashes and restarts.

Conversation Groups
It's a way of grouping all the dialogs that are used for a particular task. All the dialogs associated with processing a particular order would be grouped into a single conversation group. The conversation group is implemented as a conversation group identifier, which is included with all messages in all dialogs contained in the conversation group. When a message is received from any of the dialogs in a conversation group, the conversation group is locked with a lock that is held by the receiving transaction. For the duration of the transaction, only the thread that holds the lock can receive messages from any of the dialogs in the conversation group. This makes our order entry application much easier to write because even though we use many threads for scalability, any particular order is only processed on one thread at a time. This means we don't have to make our application resilient to problems that are caused by the simultaneous processing of a single order on multiple threads.

You use the activation feature of Service Broker to specify a stored procedure that will handle messages destined for a particular service. When messages arrive for a service, Service Broker checks whether there is a stored procedure running that can process the messages. If there isn't a running message-processing stored procedure, Service Broker starts one. The stored procedure then processes messages until the queue is empty, after which it terminates. Moreover, if Service Broker determines that messages are arriving faster than the stored procedure can process them, it starts additional instances of the stored procedure until enough are running to keep up with the incoming messages (or until the configured maximum number is reached). This ensures that the right number of resources for processing incoming messages are always available. (More...)

How to determine the service pack currently installed on SQL Server?

The global variable @@Version is used to determine the service pack installed.
Ex : SELECT @@Version
O/P : Microsoft SQL Server 2005 - 9.00.1399.06 (Intel X86) Oct 14 2005 00:33:37 Copyright (c) 1988-2005 Microsoft Corporation Developer Edition on Windows NT 5.2 (Build 3790: Service Pack 2) (More...)

What is Policy Management SQL SERVER 2008?

Policy Management in SQL SERVER 2008 allows you to define and enforce policies for configuring and managing SQL Server across the enterprise. Policy-Based Management is configured in SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS). Navigate to the Object Explorer and expand the Management node and the Policy Management node; you will see the Policies, Conditions, and Facets nodes. (More...)

What is CTE in sql server 2008?

CTE is an abbreviation Common Table Expression. A Common Table Expression (CTE) is an expression that can be thought of as a temporary result set which is defined within the execution of a single SQL statement. A CTE is similar to a derived table in that it is not stored as an object and lasts only for the duration of the query. (More...)

What is MERGE Statement sql server 2008?

MERGE is a new feature that provides an efficient way to perform multiple DML operations. In previous versions of SQL Server, we had to write separate statements to INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE data based on certain conditions, but now, using MERGE statement we can include the logic of such data modifications in one statement that even checks when the data is matched then just update it and when unmatched then insert it. One of the most important advantages of MERGE statement is all the data is read and processed only once. (More...)

How will handle exception in Sql server 2008?

SQL Server now supports the use of TRY...CATCH con
handling. TRY...CATCH lets us build error handling at the level we need, in the way wto, by setting a region where if any error occurs, it will break out of the region and head to an error handler. The basic structure is as follows: BEGIN TRY




What is catalog views in Sql server 2008?

Catalog views return info
Views are the most general interface to the catalog metadata and provide the most efficient way to obtain, transform, and present customized forms of this information. All user-available catalog metadata is exposed through catalog views.Catalog views return info
Views are the most general interface to the catalog metadata and provide the most efficient way to obtain, transform, and present customized forms of this information. All user-available catalog metadata is exposed through catalog views. (More...)

what is tablesamplpe in sql server 2008

TABLESAMPLE allows you to extract a sThe rows retrieved are random and they are not in any order. This sampling can be basedon a percentage of number of rows. You can use TABLESAMPLE when only a sampling of rows is necessary for the application instead of a full result set. (More...)

What is sqlcmd in sql server 2008?

sqlcmd is enhanced version of isql and it provides more functionality than other two options. In other words sqlcmd is better replacement of isql and osql.
sqlcmd can work two modes
i) BATCH and
ii) interactive modes. (More...)

Database Concurrency in Sql Server.

When two or more user try to update same type of data in a table then Database Concurrency helps in this situation.

There are 2 types of Database Concurrency

Pessimistic: When one user try to change the data with pessimistic concurrency then a lock is placed on the data in a table so that another user cannot change data. when one user finishes then other user can able to change.

Optimistic: When two user works on the same data in a table and one change that data first then second user cannot change that same data becasue the which he have using is allready changed so he cannot do the change becasue change apply to another data that is changed by first user. (More...)

Is it true that COM objects no longer need to be registered on the server?

Yes and No. Legacy COM objects still need to be registered on the server before they can be used. COM developed using the new .NET Framework will not need to be registered. Developers will be able to auto-register these objects just by placing them in the 'bin' folder of the application. (More...)

What are server controls?

ASP.NET server controls are components that run on the server and encapsulate user-interface and other related functionality. They are used in ASP.NET pages and in ASP.NET code-behind classes. (More...)

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