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Explain how to sort the elements in HashMap.

Posted By :Ghanashyam Nayak     Posted Date :September 28, 2010    Points :10   Category :JavaScript/VBScript 
The elements of HashMap can be sorted by using the static method Collections.sort().

For example: Collections.sort(hashMapObject); // hashMapObject is an instance of HashMap

You can also find related Interview Question to Explain how to sort the elements in HashMap.  below: 

How can you sort the elements of the array in descending order?

  
By calling Sort() and then Reverse() methods. (More...)

How can you sort the elements of the Array in descending order?

  
We can sort the array in descending order by calling
Array.Sort() and then by calling Array.Reverse() method. (More...)

How can you sort the elements of the array in descending Order?

  
By calling Sort() and then Reverse() methods. (More...)

What is Quick Sort?

  
The quick sort algorithm is of the divide and conquer type. That means it works by reducing a sorting problem into several easier sorting problems and solving each of them. A dividing value is chosen from the input data, and the data is partitioned into three sets: elements that belong before the dividing value, the value itself, and elements that come after the dividing value. The partitioning is performed by exchanging elements that are in the first set but belong in the third with elements that are in the third set but belong in the first Elements that are equal to the dividing element can be put in any of the three sets the algorithm will still work properly. (More...)

what is Merge Sort?

  
The merge sort is a divide and conquer sort as well. It works by considering the data to be sorted as a sequence of already-sorted lists (in the worst case, each list is one element long). Adjacent sorted lists are merged into larger sorted lists until there is a single sorted list containing all the elements. The merge sort is good at sorting lists and other data structures that are not in arrays, and it can be used to sort things that don't fit into memory. It also can be implemented as a stable sort. (More...)

What is Radix Sort?

  
The radix sort takes a list of integers and puts each element on a smaller list, depending on the value of its least significant byte. Then the small lists are concatenated, and the process is repeated for each more significant byte until the list is sorted. The radix sort is simpler to implement on fixed-length data such as ints. (More...)

Explain the concept of Reentrancy?

  
It is a useful, memory-saving technique for multiprogrammed timesharing systems. A Reentrant Procedure is one in which multiple users can share a single copy of a program during the same period. Reentrancy has 2 key aspects: The program code cannot modify itself, and the local data for each user process must be stored separately. Thus, the permanent part is the code, and the temporary part is the pointer back to the calling program and local variables used by that program. Each execution instance is called activation. It executes the code in the permanent part, but has its own copy of local variables/parameters. The temporary part associated with each activation is the activation record. Generally, the activation record is kept on the stack.

Note: A reentrant procedure can be interrupted and called by an interrupting program, and still execute correctly on returning to the procedure. (More...)

Explain Belady's Anomaly?

  
Also called FIFO anomaly. Usually, on increasing the number of frames allocated to a process' virtual memory, the process execution is faster, because fewer page faults occur. Sometimes, the reverse happens, i.e., the execution time increases even when more frames are allocated to the process. This is Belady's Anomaly. This is true for certain page reference patterns. (More...)

Explain manifest & metadata.

  
Manifest is metadata about assemblies. Metadata is machine-readable information about a resource, or ""data about data." In .NET, metadata includes type definitions, version information, external assembly references, and other standardized information. (More...)

Explain the life cycle of an ASP .NET page.

  
Life cycle of ASP.Net Web Form
Page Request >> Start >> Page Init >> Page Load >> Validation >>
PostBack Event Handling >> Page Rendering >> Page Unload
Page Request - When the page is requested ASP.Net determines
whether the page is to be parsed and compiled or a cached verion
of the page is to be sent without running the page.
Start - Page propertied REQUEST and RESPONSE are SET, if the
page is pastback request then the IsPostBack property is SET and
in addition to this UICulture property is also SET.
Page Initilization - In this the UniqueID of each property is SET.
If the request was postback the data is not yet loaded from the
viewstate.
Page Load - If it was a postback request then the data gets loaded
in the control from the ViewState and control property are set.
Validation - If any control validation present, they are performed
and IsValid property is SET for each control.
PostBack Event Handling - If it was a postback request then any
event handlers are called.
Page Rendering - Before this the viewstate is saved from the page
and RENDER method of each page is called.
Page Unload - Page is fully rendered and sent to the client(Browser)
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Explain manifest & metadata?

  
Manifest is metadata about assemblies. Metadata is machine-readable information about a resource, or ""data about data." In .NET, metadata includes type definitions, version information, external assembly references, and other standardized information.

Manifest: Manifest describes assembly itself. Assembly Name, version number, culture, strong name, list of all files, Type references, and referenced assemblies.

Metadata: Metadata describes contents in an assembly classes, interfaces, enums, structs, etc., and their containing namespaces, the name of each type, its visibility/scope, its base class, the nterfaces it implemented, its methods and their scope, and each method's parameters, type's properties, and so on.

Shashi Ray (More...)

Explain Virtual Function in C#.

  
Virtual functions implement the concept of polymorphism are the same as in C#, except that you use the override keyword with the virtual function implementaion in the child class.

The parent class uses the same virtual keyword. Every class that overrides the virtual method will use the override keyword.


class Shape{
public virtual void Draw()
{ Console.WriteLine("Shape.Draw") ; }
}
class Rectangle : Shape{
public override void Draw()
{ Console.WriteLine("Rectangle.Draw"); }
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Explain about the readystate Property.

  
Readystate property holds the response of the server to the query generated from the client side. Each time the readystate property changes onreadystatechange function will be executed. Some of the values for the readystate property are as follows if the status is zero the request is not initialized, 1 the request has been set up, 2 the request has been sent, 3 the request is in process, 4 the request is complete. (More...)

Explain architecture of Notification Services?

  
Notification Services applications are based on a subscriber/subscription model.
The Key components in a Notification Services application are

Subscriber: A user or application that requests and receives the notification
Subscription: A request for information, delivery mechanism, and destination for requested notifications. For example change of a stock price.
Event: A piece of information, in which the subscriber is interested. For example as soon as a stock price has changed an event can be generated that's processed within SQLNS.
Notification: A message containing the information requested by the subscriber in the subscription.

SQLNS executes the following steps whenever it generates a new notification and sends it to registered subscribers:

.Subscribers create subscriptions with a subscription management application, such as an ASP.NET or Windows Forms front end.
.Subscription management is the only part of an SQLNS application where users or applications are actively involved in the process. You generate subscriptions using a managed assembly shipped with SQLNS.
.The Notification Application collects events, which are processed within the SQLNS application.
.SQLNS uses T-SQL statements to assign events to the subscriptions registered in the first step.
.SQLNS generates new notifications whenever it finds an assignment.
.A Formatter formats the new notification, and SQLNS delivers it through a delivery channel to the registered target device of the subscriber. (More...)

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