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What is a SharePoint Feature? What files are used to define a feature?

Posted By :Faizal     Posted Date :August 22, 2010    Points :10   Category :SharePoint 
A SharePoint Feature is a functional component that can be activated and deactivate at various scopes throughout a SharePoint instances, scope of which are defined as
1. Farm level 2. Web Application level 3. Site level 4. Web level
Features have their own receiver architecture, which allow you to trap events such as when a feature is
Installing, Uninstalling, Activated, or Deactivated.

The element types that can be defined by a feature include
menu commands, link commands, page templates, page instances, list definitions, list instances,
event handlers, and workflows.

The two files that are used to define a feature are the feature.xml and manifest file(elements.xml). The feature XML file defines the actual feature and will make SharePoint aware of the installed feature. The manifest file contains details about the feature such as functionality.

You can also find related Interview Question to What is a SharePoint Feature? What files are used to define a feature?  below: 

What is a SharePoint Feature? What files are used to define a feature?

  
A SharePoint Feature is a functional component that can be activated and deactivate at various scopes throughout a SharePoint instances, such as at the farm, site collection, web, etc. Features have their own receiver architecture, which allow you to trap events such as when a feature is installing, uninstalling, activated, or deactivated. They are helpful because they allow ease of upgrades and versioning. The two files that are used to define a feature are the feature.xml and manifest file. The feature XML file defines the actual feature and will make SharePoint aware of the installed feature. The manifest file contains details about the feature such as functionality. Side Question: I got asked how the introduction of features has changed the concept of site definitions. SharePoint features are important when understanding the architecture of site definitions, since the ONET.XML file has been vastly truncated since it has several feature stapled on it. (More...)

Top 10 Feature Of sharepoint 2010?

  
1.SharePoint Designer Enhancements



2.Fast Serach



3.Business Connectivity Services (BCS)



4.New Hardware requriments



5.Business Intelligence Enhancements



6.Workflow Improvements



7.Viso services



8.Social Networking Capabilities



9.usage reporting and logging



10.Developer Productivity Enhancements
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What is a SharePoint Feature? Features are installed at what scope

  

Ans. A SharePoint Feature is a functional component that can be activated and deactivate at various scopes throughout a SharePoint instances, scope of which are defined as
1. Farm level 2. Web Application level 3. Site level 4. Web level
Features have their own receiver architecture, which allow you to trap events such as when a feature is Installing, Uninstalling, Activated, or Deactivated. (More...)

Define the Feature s of C# 2.0,C#3.0 and C#4.0

  
C# 2.0-Generics (.NET Framework support was added, and C# benefited from this); iterator pattern (the yield keyword); anonymous methods (the delegate keyword), nullable types, and the null coalescing operator .
C# 3.0-Anonymous types, extension methods, object initializers,collection initializers, implicitly typed local variables (var keyword),lambda expressions (=>), and the LINQ query expression pattern.
C# 4.0-Optional Parameters and Named Arguments, Dynamic typing (dynamic type), improved COM-Interop, and Contra and Co-Variance.
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Name a feature which is common to all .NET languages?

  
There is only one feature which is common to all languages and that is Garbage collection or GC. This feature is automated which relieves developers of much work. This garbage is disposed only when there is need of memory or stress for memory. GC feature halts the application for few seconds before restarting it. (More...)

What types of files can I upload / post to the SharePoint site?

  
The only files restricted in Sharepoint are those ending with the following extensions: .asa, .asp, .ida, .idc, .idq.Microsoft reserves the right to add additional file types to this listing at any time. Also, no content that violates the terms of service may be uploaded or posted to the site. (More...)

What is Feature Driven Development model?

  
Feature Driven Development (FDD) is an iterative and incremental software development process. It is one of a number of Agile methods for developing software and forms part of the Agile Alliance. FDD blends a number of industry-recognized best practices into a cohesive whole (More...)

Real software is developing a speech-based user interface for blind people. However, speech based interface are difficult to design and time given by the client is short. To develop a functional interface without any errors, the company wants to first evaluate the prototype. They used the storyboard technique to demonstrate the functionality of the application. However, this technique was unable to demonstrate the interactive feature of the application. Analyze and provide solution for the above scenario?

  
1, The design team of Real software should have used the Sketching technique because storyboard technique would only provide the flow and features of the interface.

2, The design team of Real software should have used the Horizontal Prototyping because storyboard technique would only provide the flow of the interface.

3, The design team of Real software should have used the Wizard of Oz technique because storyboard technique would only provide the flow and features of the interface

4, The design team of Real software should have used the Vertical Prototyping because storyboard technique would only provide the flow of the interface.


Answer : 3 (More...)

What is a SharePoint Solution File? How does it differ from WebPart .cab files in legacy development? What does it contain?

  
A SharePoint solution file is essentially a .cabinet file with all a developers ustom componets suffixed with a .wsp extension that aids in deployment. The big difference with SharePoint solution files is is that a solution:
allows deployment to all WFE's in a farm
is highly manageable from the interface allowing deployment, retraction, and versioning
Can package all types of assets like site definitions, feature definitions (and associated components), Webparts, etc.
Can provide Code Access Security provisioning to avoid GAC deployments
And much more..
(More...)

What is a SharePoint Solution File? How does it differ from WebPart .cab files in legacy development? What does it contain?

  
A SharePoint solution file is essentially a .cabinet file with all a developers ustom componets suffixed with a .wsp extension that aids in deployment. The big difference with SharePoint solution files is is that a solution: allows deployment to all WFE's in a farm is highly manageable from the interface allowing deployment, retraction, and versioning Can package all types of assets like site definitions, feature definitions (and associated components), Webparts, etc. Can provide Code Access Security provisioning to avoid GAC deployments Just to name a few things. (More...)

how Deploy and Activate the Feature in sharepoint2010?

  
deploy a feature is:
C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\bin\stsadm -o installfeature -filename FeatureFolderName\Feature.xml
to activate a feature is as follows:
C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\bin\stsadm -o activatefeature -filename FeatureFolderName\Feature.xml -url http://ServerName:100/Sitecollection (More...)

what are the scope in feature.xml?

  
1.Farm
2.Webapplication(web Application)
3.Site(Site Collection)
4.web(web Site) (More...)

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