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What is the difference between NULL AND VOID pointer?

Posted By :Shashi Ray     Posted Date :October 10, 2008    Points :10   Category :.NET Framework 
NULL can be value for pointer type variables.
VOID is a type identifier which has not size.
NULL and void are not same. Example: void* ptr = NULL;

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What is the difference between undefined value and null value?

Undefined value: A value that is not defined and has no keyword is known as undefined value. For example in the declaration, int number; the number has undefined value.

Null value: A value that is explicitly specified by the key word 'null' is known as null value. For example in the declaration, String str=null; the str has a null value. The keyword 'null' is used here. (More...)

Difference between a java object reference and c++ pointer.

The prime difference is that pointers are to locate the address of the primitive variables only, where as object reference locates the object in the heap. (More...)

What is the difference between undefined value and null value?

A. Undefined value cannot be explicitly stated that is there is no keyword called undefined whereas null value has keyword called null
B. typeof undefined variable or property returns undefined whereas typeof null value returns object (More...)

What is the difference between undefined value and null value?

A. Undefined value cannot be explicitly stated that is there is no keyword called undefined whereas null value has keyword called null.

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Difference Between Delete and Truncate

.Delete table is a logged operation, so the deletion of each row gets logged in the transaction log, which makes it slow.

. Truncate table also deletes all the rows in a table, but it won't log the deletion of each row, instead it logs the de-allocation of the data pages of the table, which makes it faster. Of course, truncate table cannot be rolled back.

. Truncate table is functionally identical to delete statement with no "where clause" both remove all rows in the table. But truncate table is faster and uses fewer system and transaction log resources than delete.

. Truncate table removes all rows from a table, but the table structure and its columns, constraints, indexes etc., remains as it is.

. In truncate table the counter used by an identity column for new rows is reset to the seed for the column.

. If you want to retain the identity counter, use delete statement instead.

. If you want to remove table definition and its data, use the drop table statement.

. You cannot use truncate table on a table referenced by a foreign key constraint; instead, use delete statement without a where clause. Because truncate table is not logged, it cannot activate a trigger.

. Truncate table may not be used on tables participating in an indexed view. (More...)

Difference between assembly manifest & metadata?

assembly manifest - An integral part of every assembly that renders the assembly self-describing. The assembly manifest contains the assembly's metadata. The manifest establishes the assembly identity, specifies the files that make up the assembly implementation, specifies the types and resources that make up the assembly, itemizes the compile-time dependencies on other assemblies, and specifies the set of permissions required for the assembly to run properly. This information is used at run time to resolve references, enforce version binding policy, and validate the integrity of loaded assemblies. The self-describing nature of assemblies also helps makes zero-impact install and XCOPY deployment feasible.

metadata - Information that describes every element managed by the common language runtime: an assembly, loadable file, type, method, and so on. This can include information required for debugging and garbage collection, as well as security attributes, marshaling data, extended class and member definitions, version binding, and other information required by the runtime. (More...)

What is the difference between ref & out parameters?

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What is the difference between a Struct and a Class?

The struct type is suitable for representing lightweight objects such as Point, Rectangle, and Color. Although it is possible to represent a point as a class, a struct is more efficient in some scenarios. For example, if you declare an array of 1000 Point objects, you will allocate additional memory for referencing each object. In this case, the struct is less expensive.

When you create a struct object using the new operator, it gets created and the appropriate constructor is called. Unlike classes, structs can be instantiated without using the new operator. If you do not use new, the fields will remain unassigned and the object cannot be used until all of the fields are initialized.

It is an error to declare a default (parameterless) constructor for a struct. A default constructor is always provided to initialize the struct members to their default values.

It is an error to initialize an instance field in a struct.

There is no inheritance for structs as there is for classes. A struct cannot inherit from another struct or class, and it cannot be the base of a class. Structs, however, inherit from the base class Object. A struct can implement interfaces, and it does that exactly as classes do.

A struct is a value type, while a class is a reference type. (More...)

Difference between type constructor and instance constructor? What is static constructor, when it will be fired? And what is its use?

(Class constructor method is also known as type constructor or type initializer)
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Class instances often encapsulate control over resources that are not managed by the runtime, such as window handles (HWND), database connections, and so on. Therefore, you should provide both an explicit and an implicit way to free those resources. Provide implicit control by implementing the protected Finalize Method on an object (destructor syntax in C# and the Managed Extensions for C++). The garbage collector calls this method at some point after there are no longer any valid references to the object.
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Difference between OLEDB Provider and SqlClient ?

SQLClient .NET classes are highly optimized for the .net / sqlserver combination and achieve optimal results. The SqlClient data provider is fast. It's faster than the Oracle provider, and faster than accessing database via the OleDb layer. It's faster because it accesses the native library (which automatically gives you better performance), and it was written with lots of help from the SQL Server team. (More...)

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