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One way, Two way and One time bindings using SilverLight

Posted By:Shivprasad koirala       Posted Date: June 15, 2009    Points: 25    Category: Silverlight    URL: http://www.questpond.com  
 

One way, Two way and One time bindings using SilverLight

Introduction

This article will talk about three ways of binding object properties with SilverLight user interfaces.  We will first go through the fundamentals of the 3 bindings and then take up a small sample which will demonstrate how the binding works. We have also attached the source for the same.

I have collected around 400 FAQ questions and answers in WCF, WPF, WWF, SharePoint, design patterns, UML etc. Feel free to download these FAQ PDF's from my site http://www.questpond.com 

Other Silverlight FAQ

In case you are a complete fresher to silverlight then below are some silverlight FAQ's  which can give you a quick start in this topic.

Silverlight FAQ Part 1:- For article click here  This tutorial has 21 basic FAQ's which will help you understand WPF, XAML, help your build your first silverlight application and also explains the overall silverlight architecture.

SilverLight FAQ Part 2 (Animations and Transformations):- For article click here This tutorial has 10 FAQ questions which starts with silverlight animation fundamentals and then shows a simple animated rectangle. The article then moves ahead and talks about 4 different ways of transforming the objects.

 

One way bindings

As the name so the behavior. In one way bindings data flows only from object to UI and not vice-versa. For instance you can have a textbox called as 'TxtYear' which is binded with an object having property 'Year'. So when the object value changes it will be reflected on the silverlight UI, but the UI cannot update the year property in the object.

It is a three step procedure to implement one way binding. First create your class which you want to bind with the silverlight UI.  For instance below is a simple class called as 'ClsDate' with a 'Year' property.

public class clsDate
{
private int _intYear;
public int Year
{
set
{
_intYear = value;
}
get
{
return _intYear;
}
}
}

In the second step you need to tie up the 'Year' property with a silver light UI text box. To bind the property you need to specify 'Binding Path=Year' in the text property of the text box UI object. 'Year' is the property which we are binding with the text box UI object.

The final step is to bind the text box data context with the date object just created.

public partial class Page : UserControl
{
public Page()
{
InitializeComponent();
clsDate objDate = new clsDate();
objDate.Year = DateTime.Now.Year;
txtCurrentYear.DataContext = objDate;
}
}

 

Two way binding

Two way binding ensure data synchronization of data between UI and Objects. So any change in object is reflected to the UI and any change in UI is reflected in the object.

To implement two way binding there are two extra steps with addition to the steps provided for 'OneWay'. The first change is we need to specify the mode as 'TwoWay' as shown in the below XAML code snippet.

Second change is we need to implement 'INotifyPropertyChanged' interface. Below is the class which shows how to implement the 'INotifyPropertyChanged' interface. Please note you need to import 'System.ComponentModel' namespace.

public class clsDate : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;
private int _intYear;
public int Year
{
set
{
_intYear = value;
OnPropertyChanged("Year");
}
get
{
return _intYear;
}
}
private void OnPropertyChanged(string property)
{
if (PropertyChanged != null)
{
PropertyChanged(this,new PropertyChangedEventArgs(property));
}
}}

The binding of data with data context is a compulsory step which needs to be performed.

 

One time binding

In one time binding data flows from object to the UI only once. There is no tracking mechanism to update data on either side. One time binding has marked performance improvement as compared to the previous two bindings discussed. This binding is a good choice for reports where the data is loaded only once and viewed.

 

 

Simple demonstration of OneWay and TwoWay

Below is a simple sample code where in we have two text boxes one takes in the age and the other text box calculates the approximate birth date.

Below is a simple class which has both the properties. We have implemented 'INotifyPropertyChanged' interface so that we can have two way communication for the year property.

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Ink;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
//
using System.ComponentModel;
namespace SilverLightBinding 
{
public class clsDate : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

private int _intYear;
private int _intAge;
public int Year
{
set
{
_intYear = value;
OnPropertyChanged("Year");

}
get
{
return _intYear;
}

}
public int Age
{
set
{
_intAge = value;
Year = DateTime.Now.Year - _intAge;
}
get
{
return _intAge;
}
}
private void OnPropertyChanged(string property)
{
if (PropertyChanged != null)
{
PropertyChanged(this,
new PropertyChangedEventArgs(property));
}
}

}
}

Finally we have also binded the SilverLight UI objects with the class properties.  Below is the XAML snippet for the same. One point to be noted is that 'Age' is bounded using two way mode as we need to modify the same from the user interface.

 Enter your age in the below text box



Your approximate birth date

At the bottom of this article you can get the Source Code.


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