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The SharePoint 2013 search Query APIs

Posted By:Sagar Pardeshi       Posted Date: May 28, 2014    Points: 200    Category: SharePoint    URL: http://www.dotnetspark.com  

The SharePoint 2013 search Query APIs
 

 

Introduction

In this Article I'll go through the details of the SharePoint 2013 Search REST API. This new REST service is the best way to go in a variety of application scenarios. SharePoint Apps built in JavaScript is one good example. External Applications to SharePoint that require search functionality; can also leverage this service as the endpoint for communication into the Search platform.

 The old search.asmx SOAP web service is marked as deprecated in SP2013, and the new Search REST service is the replacement.

 Location of the Search Rest service

The Search REST service is located at the following URI: http://host/site/_api/search

 The Search REST API

The Search REST service exposed by the URI specified above provides the following methods or entry points:

the new Result Source feature in SharePoint 2013 is really cool, writing queries against them is not.  With scopes you could specify them by name (i.e.: All Sites or People).  However with result sources, you must specify the id not the name.  This cane makes it tricky to develop custom coded solutions.  In comparing an on-premises installation of SharePoint 2013 with a SharePoint Online Preview tenant, here is the list I came up with.  Hopefully, it will save you some time when you need to write a query.

Result Source

ID

Documents

e7ec8cee-ded8-43c9-beb5-436b54b31e84

Items matching a content type

5dc9f503-801e-4ced-8a2c-5d1237132419

Items matching a tag

e1327b9c-2b8c-4b23-99c9-3730cb29c3f7

Items related to current user

48fec42e-4a92-48ce-8363-c2703a40e67d

Items with same keyword as this item

5c069288-1d17-454a-8ac6-9c642a065f48

Local People Results

b09a7990-05ea-4af9-81ef-edfab16c4e31

Local Reports And Data Results

203fba36-2763-4060-9931-911ac8c0583b

Local SharePoint Results

8413cd39-2156-4e00-b54d-11efd9abdb89

Local Video Results

78b793ce-7956-4669-aa3b-451fc5defebf

Pages

5e34578e-4d08-4edc-8bf3-002acf3cdbcc

Pictures

38403c8c-3975-41a8-826e-717f2d41568a

Popular

97c71db1-58ce-4891-8b64-585bc2326c12

Recently changed items

ba63bbae-fa9c-42c0-b027-9a878f16557c

Recommended Items

ec675252-14fa-4fbe-84dd-8d098ed74181

Wiki

9479bf85-e257-4318-b5a8-81a180f5faa1

                         

Example : set a search scope: People:

<scrip>
$(document).ready(function(){


    $.ajax({
        url: _spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl +
            "?querytext='*'&sourceid='b09a7990-05ea-4af9-81ef-edfab16c4e31'" +
            "&selectproperties='AccountName',PictureURL,PreferredName'" +
            "&rowlimit=99",
        method: "GET",
        headers: { "Accept": "application/json; odata=verbose" },
        cache: false,
        success: function (result) {
        } // success function    
    });//.ajax  

});//docReady
                            </scrip>



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