Let's go through the top new features of SharePoint 2013:
1. Authorization (Claims based Authentication in SharePoint 2013)
Classic Based Authentication
- We cannot configure the Forms based authentication, if our web application is using Classic Mode Authentication. We can convert a web application from Classic Mode Authentication to Claims Based Authentication. However, that can only be done using PowerShell commands and it's an irreversible process
- Classic authentication its supports authentication types like Kerberos, NTLM, anonymous
- Classic is more commonly seen in 2007 environments
Claim Based Authentication
- It enables authentication from windows as well as non-windows based systems. This also provides the capability to have multiple authentication in a single URL
- Claims based authentication uses claims identities against an against a trusted identity provider
- Claims are the recommended path for new deployments in SharePoint 2010
Continuous crawl (making new content appear in search results that much faster compare to SharePoint 2010)
- Fast Search: FAST Search is additional cost in SharePoint 2010, now it is integrated into the SharePoint 2013 search service no extra license, no extra fee. In SharePoint 2010, we also have to take on the more expensive for internet sites license, if our servers provided any services to Internet users. In SharePoint 2013, Internet users are included as part of the Standard and Enterprise SharePoint Server licenses. No more license concerns for internet sites.
- Slide Show in Content Search web part: Content Search Web Part that displays content that was crawled and added to the search index. We can use category pages when we want to aggregate content that meets certain criteria. For example, in an intranet scenario, all company announcements are maintained in a list that is shared as a catalog. A query is issued from the Content Search Web Part to return all items from the search index that are specified in the query.
3. SharePoint Store
- This is one of the most different and valuable feature in SharePoint 2013.
- This is not like workflow, which already existed and is now made more robust.
- The SharePoint App Store is completely new, where your organization and even individual users can choose to license, activate, and use software within SharePoint.
4. Social Integration feature is more advanced compare to SP 2010
- SharePoint 2013 introduces set of features to allow people to check up to date on what is going on in your organization.
- Like Hash tagging, micro blogging, and follow concepts come together to provide a great way to check the most important updates in your intranet.
- Now we can follow people, and even documents. No need for barrages of alerts whenever a document changes. Just keep up with the latest modifications using our news feed which, by the way, is a great place to start and join conversations with your colleagues, and find out what is trending in the organization using hash tags.
- A great new site template, community sites, allows organizations to drive adoption and encourage knowledge sharing using reputation scores, best replies and gifted badges. Users can easily join the conversation and share ideas on the category driven discussion boards.
5. Full Cross-browser Functionality
- SharePoint 2007 was Internet Explorer-only.
- SharePoint 2010 tried to work with other browsers, but the differences were apparent and unsatisfying. Working with Chrome or Firefox would work in some parts of SharePoint 2010, but for doing some features you just had to switch to IE to get things done. This was due to the reliance on Active X to perform site administration. Even though some items could be done in other browsers, for anything that required Active X we could only perform that in Internet Explorer.
- SharePoint 2013 now works with no Active X controls, so we can do everything from working with lists and sites to fully managing your farm through Central Administration through any modern browser like chrome and fire fox.
6. Workflow Integration with Workflow Manager
- Visual workflow. Develop workflow visually using Visio 2013 add-in.
- No-code web service calls. New action enables no-code web service calls from within a workflow.
- Task actions. New actions for creating a task and starting a task process
- Coordination actions. New coordination actions between workflows built on SharePoint 2010 and SharePoint 2013
- Stage, Loop, and App Step workflow building blocks.
- New enterprise features in Workflow Manager.
7. Simplified Document Management:
- drag and drop content directly into your document libraries
- Item menus now contain a live document preview for Office documents with one click editing
- Viewing item properties suggests similar documents in common to the current item with see also functionality.
8. Office Web apps are free
- Office Web apps are free (no office client needed) for both internal and external users with the exception that internal users require an Office 2013 license (standard or pro) to edit documents.
- Not only do extranet user get free Office web apps, they don't need CALs either (on-premise farms have no limit for external users).
- Also to note, Office Web apps now work on mobile devices like the iPad.
9. Improved Publishing Capabilities via Cross-Site Publishing
- SharePoint Server 2013 includes cross-site publishing for web content management that enhance the authoring and publishing processes of our organization.
- Cross-site publishing lets we can store and maintain content in one or more authoring site collections, and display this content in one or more publishing site collections. When we change the content in an authoring site collection, those changes will be displayed on all site collections that are reusing this content
10. Offline and Sync of My Site (and other libraries)
- In SharePoint Server 2013 Preview, My Sites include several improvements to saving, synchronization, sharing, and moving of content. Users have the option to synchronize their My Site document library content with a local drive to enable offline access to documents.
In this article, I've explored about some new features of SharePoint 2013. Stay tuned for more articles :).