In this article we can explore the backup and restore operation inside SharePoint. For the Administration tasks we need to use the SharePoint Central Administration web site which is accessible from the Start Menu as shown below.
Following are the most common administrative tasks:
· Backup and Restore
· Site Usage Analysis
· Cleaning up Unused Sites
· Managing the Search Service
· Managing Quotas and Locks
We can perform different levels of backup inside SharePoint 2010. The levels include:
· Farm Backup
· Site Collection Backup
· Site Backup
· Web Application Backup
· List Backup
· Library Backup
· Solution Package Backup
· Configuration Backup
· Content Database Backup
The types of Backup are:
1. Full Backup
2. Differential Backup
3. Incremental Backup
We can have automated backup strategies to backup the required contents on intervals.
The Backup and Restore settings can be accessed from SharePoint Central Administration.
For performing a manual backup use the Perform a backup link shown above. In the appearing page select the items you need to backup and click the Next button. Depending on the item the backup size will increase.
In the next page of the backup wizard enter the backup type and location as shown below.
Click the Start Backup button to perform the backup. Make sure you set the location shared access to everyone.
The above screen shows that your backup operation is running. Wait for a few while to complete the operation. After the operation you will get the report as shown below.
If the Backup page says the Administrative service is not running, you need to start it manually from the Windows Services.
Use the run window to execute command services.msc. In the appearing applet right click and start the SharePoint 2010 Administration service.
We can restore a farm, site or the backed up item using the Restore from a backup option.
In the appearing page select the radio button of the appropriate backup and click Next button.
You can see that the backup location is remembered automatically. In real world scenarios we have to choose different backup locations.
In the next page select the components to restore.
Click the Next button and the restore operation gets started.
In this article we have explored the common administrative tasks inside SharePoint. Please note that the Backup and Restore operation can be performed programmatically too.