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Canvas, Calendar, CheckBox, ComboBox and ContextMenu Control in WPF Day-4

Posted By:Narayanan       Posted Date: August 27, 2012    Points: 200    Category: WPF    URL: http://www.dotnetspark.com  

Introduction: Last Three days, we talked about WPF Introduction, AccessText Control and Board . Today we will discuss about Canvas, Calendar, CheckBox, ComboBox and ContextMenu Control.
 

·  Canvas Control:

           It is a Layout panel.

     A Canvas panel is used to position child elements by using coordinates that are relative to the canvas area.

  Create Canvas in XAML:

<Canvas Background="BurlyWood" Margin="88,0,120,99" Height="66" VerticalAlignment="Bottom">

            <Button Name="btn_can" Margin="15,18,70,70" Height="26" Width="40" Canvas.Left="-1" Canvas.Top="17">Cancel</Button>

            <Button  Height="23" Margin="15,50,75,50" Name="btn_Ok" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Click="btn_OK_Click" Width="39.893" Canvas.Left="-1" Canvas.Top="-44">OK</Button>

        </Canvas>

I just declare Buttons with in Canvas Tag.

Create Canvas in Coding:

         

Canvas cans;

               private void canvas()

               {

                    cans = new Canvas();

          cans.Width = 150;

                              cans.Height = 150;

          cans.Background = Brushes.Lavender;

                    canvascontrols(cans);

                    this.Content = cans;

               }

     private void canvascontrols(Canvas cntCon)

              {

                  btn_Exit = new Button();

                  btn_Exit.Background = Brushes.Ivory;

                  btn_Exit.Content = "Exit";

                  btn_Exit.Name = "ButtonExit";

                  btn_Exit.Height = 30;

                  btn_Exit.Width = 50;

                  btn_Exit.Margin = new Thickness(10, 10, 20, 50);

                  btn_Exit.Click += new RoutedEventHandler(btn_Exit_Click);

                  cntCon.Children.Add(btn_Exit);

       }

   private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            canvas();

        }

Here, I created Method (canvascontrols) for adding a Button into Canvas.

 

·  Calendar Control:

Enable a user to select a date by using a visual calendar display.

It starts from .Net Framework 4.5.

Please refer this: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.windows.controls.calendar.aspx

·  CheckBox Control:

                    User can select and clear.

Create Canvas in XAML:

<CheckBox Content="Yes" Background="Khaki" IsChecked="True" ></CheckBox>

Create Canvas in Coding:

        

 CheckBox chkYes;

          CheckBox chkNo;

       private void canvas()

        {

            cans = new Canvas();

            cans.Width = 150;

            cans.Height = 150;

            cans.Background = Brushes.Lavender;

            checkYesNoControls(cans);

            this.Content = cans;

        }

        private void checkYesNoControls(Canvas cntCon)

        {

            chkYes  = new CheckBox();

            chkYes.ClickMode = ClickMode.Press;

            chkYes.Content = "Yes";

            chkYes.Background = Brushes.Khaki;

            chkYes.IsChecked = true;

            chkYes.Margin = new Thickness(10, 10, 25, 20);

            cntCon.Children.Add(chkYes);

            chkNo = new CheckBox();

            chkNo.ClickMode = ClickMode.Press;

            chkNo.Content = "No";

            chkNo.Background = Brushes.LightGreen;

            chkNo.Margin = new Thickness(10, 40, 25, 20);

            cntCon.Children.Add(chkNo);

       }

private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            canvas();

        }

·  ComboBox Control:

            Selection control with a drop-down list that can be shown or hidden by clicking the arrow on the control.

Create ComboBox in XAML:

 

 <ComboBox Height="23" Margin="60,76,98,0" Name="comboBox1" VerticalAlignment="Top">

            <ComboBoxItem>IBM</ComboBoxItem>

            <ComboBoxItem>GANTEC</ComboBoxItem>

            <ComboBoxItem>INTEL</ComboBoxItem>

            <ComboBoxItem>HP</ComboBoxItem>

        </ComboBox>

Create ComboBox in Coding:

     

  ComboBox cmbCompany;

    private void comboBoxControls()

        {

            cmbCompany = new ComboBox();

            cmbCompany.Width = 100;

            cmbCompany.Height  = 20;

            cmbCompany.Margin = new Thickness(10, 5, 10, 20);

            cmbCompany.Items.Add("IBM");

            cmbCompany.Items.Add("SATHYAM");

            cmbCompany.Items.Add("KRISH");

            cmbCompany.Items.Add("GANTEC");

            this.Content = cmbCompany;

   }

 

private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            comboBoxControls ();

        }

  User can’t change the items in the ComboBox.It likes DropdownStyle in Windows Form

·  ContextMenu Control:

                    Represents a pop-up menu.

                   Control to expose functionality that is specific to the context of the control.

The following error message will show when user drag and drop a Context Menu in the window.

 

Create ContextMenu in XAML:

<TextBox Name="textBox1" TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="10, 10, 5, 5" Grid.Row="7"> <TextBox.ContextMenu>

                <ContextMenu>

                    <MenuItem Header="_USA" /><Separator />

                    <MenuItem Header="_INDIA"  /><Separator />

                    <MenuItem Header="CHINA"/><Separator />

                    <MenuItem Header="SOUTH AFRICA" /><Separator />

</ContextMenu>

            </TextBox.ContextMenu>

        </TextBox>

 

Create ContextMenu in Coding:

         

TextBox txtBox;

   ContextMenu cntMenu;

   private void contentMenus(TextBox txtBox)

                    {

            cntMenu = new ContextMenu();

                                cntMenu.Items.Add("INDIA");

            cntMenu.Items.Add("USA");

                                cntMenu.Items.Add("CHINA");

                                cntMenu.Items.Add("SOUTH AFRICA");

                      cntMenu.Items.Add("JAPAN");

            txtBox.ContextMenu = cntMenu;

                    }

             private void TextBoxControl()

             {

                                txtBox = new TextBox();

            txtBox.Margin = new Thickness(11, 10, 10, 10);

                                txtBox.Width = 100;

            txtBox.Height = 25;

                                contentMenus(txtBox);

            this.Content = txtBox;

          }

private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

          {

                                TextBoxControl();

          }

Conclusion:

  I hope, you get some ideas about Button and BulletDecorator Control in WPF. Thanks for reading this article. We will talk about other controls in next Chapters.


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