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URL Rewriting in HTTP Handlers

Posted By:Dhivakaran       Posted Date: October 23, 2010    Points: 25    Category: ASP.NET    URL: http://www.dotnetspark.com  

URL rewriting can also be performed by an HTTP handler or HTTP handler factory. Recall that an HTTP handler is a class responsible for generating the content for a specific type of request; an HTTP handler factory is a class responsible for returning an instance of an HTTP handler that can generate the content for a specific type of request.

In this article we'll look at creating a URL rewriting HTTP handler factory for ASP.NET Web pages. HTTP handler factories must implement the IHttpHandlerFactory interface, which includes a GetHandler() method. After initializing the appropriate HTTP modules, the ASP.NET engine determines what HTTP handler or HTTP handler factory to invoke for the given request. If an HTTP handler factory is to be invoked, the ASP.NET engine calls that HTTP handler factory'sGetHandler() method passing in the HttpContext for the Web request, along with some other information. The HTTP handler factory, then, must return an object that implements IHttpHandler that can handle the request.

To perform URL rewriting through an HTTP handler, we can create an HTTP handler factory whose GetHandler()method checks the requested path to determine if it needs to be rewritten. If it does, it can call the passed-inHttpContext object's RewritePath() method, as discussed earlier. Finally, the HTTP handler factory can return the HTTP handler returned by the System.Web.UI.PageParser class's GetCompiledPageInstance() method. (This is the same technique by which the built-in ASP.NET Web page HTTP handler factory, PageHandlerFactory, works.)

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